Our team undertakes research on ecological and evolutionary dynamics. We primarily use field data and experiments to explore links between biodiversity and environmental change. We also build models to forecast changes in animal and plant populations, which in turn help us develop strategies to conserve biodiversity. Increasingly, we’re integrating data and models using participatory approaches (such as scenario planning) that involve policy makers from the get-go.
The group is led by Luke Kelly at the School of Ecosystem and Forest Sciences, University of Melbourne. We focus on four main areas of research:
- Plant evolution and global change. We work in Mediterranean-type ecosystems in Australia and Spain to determine whether plant populations can successfully evolve through key traits to keep up with the rate of environmental change. Recently we have been incorporating genomics and glasshouse experiments into our work on rapid evolution, climate change and novel fire regimes.
- Fire ecology and management. A common goal of fire management is to avoid population extinctions due to inappropriate fire regimes. Our work on this front aims to determine what mix of fire-driven variation (pyrodiversity) will promote biodiversity, and how desirable levels of pyrodiversity can be achieved over time.
- Animal ecology (particularly mammals). We undertake field studies of fascinating mammals, birds and reptiles in southern Australia. Through learning about animals we develop and test ecological theory (about animal succession, environmental heterogeneity and edge effects) and do practical things like identify critical habitat and determine the best way to manage invasive predators.
- Conservation decision making. Making conservation decisions is hard because ecosystems are complex and there are a range of social and environmental values in play. We support conservation decisions by developing approaches for monitoring biodiversity and exploring how different management strategies perform under possible futures. More and more we find that co-designing scenarios with policy makers, land managers and people affected by decisions leads to better conservation outcomes.
If you’d like to join us or visit us then check out the opportunities page. You can also follow us on Instagram, and #biodynamos on Twitter, to keep up with our latest work in the field and lab.
Prescribed fire and forest biodiversity
Fred Rainsford and team have a new paper on prescribed fire and forest biodiversity. Out now in Ecological Applications. Fred used a field study to examine the effects of prescribed fire on birds and plants across a 36-year post‐fire chronosequence in a temperate dry forest ecosystem in south‐eastern Australia. So, how does prescribed fire influence individual species, functional groups of species, and …8 March, 2021
Predicting mammal responses to pyrodiversity
Kate Senior has a new paper on pyrodiversity and mammals – published in Biological Conservation. Kate and colleagues modelled and mapped the response of mammals - from big to small and volant to non-volant - to pyrodiversity and other environmental gradients in woodlands of semi-arid Australia. The region is home to a diverse mammal fauna including small insectivorous marsupials (dasyurids), nectarivorous pygmy-possums …8 March, 2021
A new piece in The Conversation
Luke, Kate and colleagues have a new article in The Conversation about their paper in Science. Check out the article here: Humans are changing fire patterns, and it’s threatening 4,403 species with extinction. And download a full copy of the Science paper from our publications page.30 November, 2020
Fire and biodiversity in the Anthropocene – out now in Science
Luke, Kate, Julianna and 27 colleagues from around the world have a new paper on 'Fire and biodiversity in the Anthropocene' - published in Science. We explored the causes and consequences of fire-induced changes to biodiversity in the Anthropocene, the current era characterized by the prominent role of human activity in shaping global ecosystems. We start by synthesizing how changes in …30 November, 2020
How phases of the moon affect Australian wildlife
Kate Senior was recently interviewed on the 3CR Melbourne show 'Listening Notes' to discuss how native animals are affected by moonlight - and, of course, her love of small mammals. The interview followed a recent Conversation article by Euan Ritchie and colleagues, which featured exciting new research on 'Predators, prey and moonlight' from Early Career Researchers from Deakin University, Charles Sturt …14 September, 2020
TEDx talk: Find Your Role in Wildlife Conservation
Julianna Santos recently presented at the excellent TEDx event at The Mac.Robertson Girls' High School. TEDxMacRobHS asked: What does it mean to "shape your story?". Julianna spoke about about her experiences working as a wildlife ecologist in Brazil and Australia, and on connecting people with nature to protect biodiversity. The stellar line-up also included a wide range of leaders from the arts, business, …14 September, 2020
The influence of weather and moon phase on mammal activity
Kate Senior has a new paper on the influence of weather and moon phase on the activity of small mammals - published in Australian Mammalogy Using extensive field data, Kate and colleagues explored the role of minimum temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, rainfall, cloud cover and moon illumination on small mammal capture rates. Check out the paper to find out how insectivorous …11 June, 2020
A new, large-scale research project on fire-prone heathlands
This summer has already seen some of the largest fires ever recorded in south-eastern Australia. We’re looking forward to doing new research that helps to understand these and other fires. To this end, in 2020 we are kicking off a new research project on Victoria’s fire-prone heathlands. Heathlands are some of the most biodiverse ecosystems in Victoria. They contain fire-dependent species that nonetheless …19 January, 2020
Dr Luke Kelly
Luke is a Senior Lecturer in Ecology in the School of Ecosystem and Forest Sciences at the University of Melbourne. He enjoys contributing solutions to global conservation problems. His research interests are in ecology and evolution, biodiversity conservation and environmental decision making. Much of his work is focused on understanding animal and plant responses to fire, landscape modification and climate change. This includes doing a mix of field experiments, ecological modelling and scenario analysis.
Dr Kate Giljohann
Kate is a Research Fellow in the School of BioSciences. She is particularly interested in plants, conservation and the ecology of disturbances. Her research encompasses population, community and landscape-level analyses, with a focus on assisting environmental management. In collaboration with the Victorian Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning, Kate is developing a suite of models to enhance the evaluation of alternative fire management strategies for biodiversity.
Julianna is a PhD student in the School of Ecosystem and Forest Sciences. She comes from Brazil, where she studied the ecology and conservation of Neotropical mammals, including the population dynamics and diet of wild cats and several invasive species. She started her PhD in 2019 and has been investigating movement ecology, genetic diversity and population dynamics of small mammals in fire-prone landscapes in southern Australia.
Kate is a PhD student in the School of BioSciences. Her PhD research focuses on understanding the impact of fire on mammals and reptiles in the Murray Mallee region of south-eastern Australia. She is using a combination of landscape-scale modelling and large-scale field experiments to explore the mechanisms underpinning faunal responses to fire. She aims to conduct applied research that can inform environmental management and works closely with land managers to achieve this.
Isaac is a Masters student in the School of Ecosystem and Forest Sciences who studies how plant traits, such as bark, influence mortality and survival during and after fire. He is using plant traits to predict vegetation response to fire and to understand how trees survive in fire-adapted landscapes. Isaac seeks to understand how populations will persist in a future of increased fire due to climate and human impacts. He will be conducting vegetation surveys in the semi-arid mallee before and after planned burns applied in the Mallee Fire District of Victoria.
Eliza is a PhD candidate in the School of Ecosystem and Forest Sciences. Her research explores alternative management options to increase the number and diversity of insectivorous birds within forestry plantations and mixed-use landscapes. In partnership with PF Olsen and BirdLife Australia, Eliza is developing field experiments to investigate: the benefits of bird diversity in providing pest control and the biodiversity values of commercial forestry plantations. Eliza is also passionate about science communication; you can find her on Twitter (@ElizaKThompson) and Instagram (@elizathompson98).
Lily graduated with a Bachelor of Science (Zoology) at the University of Melbourne in 2018. She is currently studying a Master of Science within the School of Ecosystem and Forest Science. Her research interest is in biodiversity conservation, with a focus on mammal species. In her Masters project Lily is investigating the effect landscape scale properties have on native small mammals within Western-Victoria. Her project has a focus on both fire and vegetation properties and Lily hopes to aid biodiversity conservation within the area by guiding fire management and conservation of endangered species.
Dr Fred Rainsford
Fred is a Research Fellow at La Trobe University, Research Centre for Future Landscapes, and a member of the Spatial Solutions Fire Ecology Project (a collaboration between University of Melbourne and La Trobe University). He is particularly interested in the ecology and conservation of birds. He recently completed his PhD on how fire shapes bird and plant communities in a range of fire-prone ecosystems. His current research focuses on the drivers of bird diversity in agricultural landscapes and woodland ecosystems. This work aims to link farm-scale bird diversity with on-farm natural capital and to develop tools that will lead to more sustainable agricultural practices.
Ella Plumanns Pouton
Ella is a PhD candidate in the School of Ecosystem and Forest Sciences. Her research investigates the impacts of fire regime measures and climate on plant diversity and composition within Victorian heathlands. She is using a combination of field work, glasshouse studies and modelling to disentangle the effects of these drivers and their interactions. Ella is also interested in environmental governance and social equity. She is passionate about the connection of research to practice, particularly in the continued improvement of programs. Ella has experience in delivering research, evaluation and program-design across climate change, natural resource management and emergency management sectors. She has worked within the non-for-profit, university, and private sectors, and has consulted for local and state governments and catchment management authorities.
Amanda Lo Cascio
Amanda is PhD candidate in the School of Ecosystem and Forest Sciences. Her research focuses on the distribution and ecology of microbats in stringy-bark woodlands of Victoria. Amanda is using a combination of field surveys and genomic techniques to explore the responses of microbats to landscape connectivity, fire regimes and other environmental gradients.
Jeremy is a PhD student in the School of Ecosystem and Forest Sciences. He is proud of his heritage with the Darug people of the Sydney region and currently lives on Wurundjeri Country. Started in 2020, his PhD focuses on how mammals respond to alternative silvicultural systems in the Central Highlands of Victoria. The aim of Jeremy’s work is to promote biodiversity through forest management activities.
Senior, K.L., Giljohann, K.M., McCarthy, M.A., Rainsford, F.W., Kelly, L.T. (2021) Predicting mammal responses to pyrodiversity: From microbats to macropods. Biological Conservation 256, 109031, Full text
Rainsford, F.W., Kelly, L.T., Leonard, S.W.J., Bennett, A.F. (2021) How does prescribed fire shape bird and plant communities in a temperate dry forest ecosystem? Ecological Applications, e2308, Abstract
Driscoll, D.A., Armenteras, D., Bennett, A.F., Brotons, L., Clarke, M.F., Doherty, T.S., Haslem, A., Kelly, L.T., Sato, C.F., Sitters, H. and Aquilué, N., Bell, K., Chadid, M., Duane, A., Meza‐Elizalde, M.C., Giljohann, K.M., González, T.M., Jambhekar, R., Lazzari, J., Morán‐Ordóñez, A., Wevill, T. (2021). How fire interacts with habitat loss and fragmentation. Biological Reviews, doi.org/10.1111/brv.12687, Abstract
Kelly, L.T., Giljohann, K.M., Duane, A., Aquilué, N., Archibald, S., Batllori, E., Bennett, A.F., Buckland, S.T., Canelles, Q., Clarke, M.F., Fortin, M. Hermoso, V., Herrando, S., Keane, R.E., Lake, F.K., McCarthy, M.A., Morán-Ordóñez, A., Parr, C.L., Pausas, J.G., Penman, T.D., Regos, A., Rumpff, L., Santos, J.L., Smith, A.L., Syphard, A.D., Tingley, M.W., Brotons, L. (2020) Fire and biodiversity in the Anthropocene. Science, 370, eabb0355 DOI: 10.1126/science.abb0355.
Senior, K.L., Ramsauer, J., McCarthy, M.A., Kelly, L.T. (2020) The influence of weather and moon phase on small mammal activity. Australian Mammalogy. Abstract
Rainsford, F., Kelly, L.T., Leonard, S., Bennett, A.F. (2020). Post-fire development of faunal habitat depends on plant regeneration traits. Austral Ecology. Abstract.
Watermeyer, K.E., Guillera‐Arroita, G., Bal, P., Burgass, M.J., Bland, L.M., Collen, B., Hallam, C., Kelly, L.T., McCarthy, M.A., Regan, T.R., Stevenson, S., Wintle, B.A., Nicholson, E. Using decision science to evaluate global biodiversity indices. (2020) Conservation Biology. Abstract.
Hradsky, B.A., Kelly, L.T., Robley, A.L., Wintle, B.A. (2019) FoxNet: an individual-based modelling framework to support red fox management. Journal of Applied Ecology, 56, 1460-1470. Abstract
Duane, A., Kelly, L.T., Giljohann, K.G., Batllori, E., McCarthy, M., Brotons, L. (2019) Disentangling the influence of past fires on subsequent fires in Mediterranean landscapes. Ecosystems. Full text
Nimmo, D., Avitabile, S., Banks, S., Bliege-Bird, R., Callister, K., Clarke, M., Dickman, C., Doherty, T., Driscoll, D., Greenville, A., Haslem, A., Kelly, L.T., Kenny, S., Lahoz-Monfort, J., Lee, C., Leonard, S., Moore, H., Newsome, T., Parr, C., Ritchie, E., Schneide, K., Turner, J., Westbrooke, M., White, M., Wouters, M., Bennett, A. (2019) Animal movements in fire-prone landscapes. Biological Reviews doi:10.1111/brv.12486 Abstract
Pollock, L.J., Kelly, L.T., Thomas, F.M., Soe, P., Morris, W.K., White, M. Vesk, P.A (2018) Combining functional traits, the environment, and multiple surveys to understand semi-arid tree distributions. Journal of Vegetation Science, 29, 967-977. Abstract
Kelly, L.T., Brotons, L., Giljohann, K.M., McCarthy, M.A., Pausas, J.G. & Smith, A.L. (2018) Bridging the divide: integrating animal and plant paradigms to secure the future of biodiversity in fire-prone ecosystems. Fire doi: 10.3390/fire1020029 PDF
Kelly, L.T., Haslem, A., Murphy, B (2018) Managing fire for plant and animal conservation. Austral Ecology doi:10.1111/aec.12604 PDF
Giljohann, K.M., Kelly, L.T., Connell, J., Clarke, M., Clarke, R., Regan, T., McCarthy, M (2018) Assessing the sensitivity of biodiversity indices used to inform fire management. Journal of Applied Ecology, 55, 461-471. Abstract
Kelly, L.T., Brotons, L (2017) Using fire to promote biodiversity. Science, 355, 1264-1265. PDF
Kelly, L.T., Haslem, A., Holland, G.J., Leonard, S., MacHunter, J., Bassett, M., Bennett, A.F., Bruce, Chia, E., Christie, F., Clarke, M., Di Stefano, J., Loyn, R., McCarthy, M., Pung, A., Robinson, N., Sitters, H., Swan, M., York, A (2017) Fire regimes and environmental gradients shape vertebrate and plant distributions in temperate eucalypt forests. Ecosphere 8, e01781. Full text
Kelly, L.T., Haslem, A., Holland, G.J., Leonard, S., MacHunter, J., Bassett, M., Bennett, A.F., Bruce, Chia, E., Christie, F., Clarke, M., Di Stefano, J., Loyn, R., McCarthy, M., Pung, A., Robinson, N., Sitters, H., Swan, M., York, A (2017) Fire regimes and environmental gradients shape bird, mammal and plant distributions in temperate eucalypt forests. The Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America. DOI:10.1002/bes2.1322 Full text
Kelly, L.T., Brotons, L., & McCarthy, M.A (2017) Putting pyrodiversity to work for animal conservation. Conservation Biology, 31, 952-955 PDF
Fardila, D., Kelly, L.T., Moore, J.L., & McCarthy, M.A. (2017) A systematic review reveals changes in where and how we have studied habitat loss and fragmentation over 20 years. Biological Conservation, 212,Part A, 130-138. Abstract
Giljohann, K.M., McCarthy, M.A., Keith, D.A., Kelly, L.T., Tozer, M.G., Regan, T.J (2017) Interactions between rainfall, fire and herbivory drive resprouter vital rates in a semi-arid ecosystem. Journal of Ecology DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12768 Abstract
We have a plethora of opportunities in 2021 for volunteers to learn new skills and visit amazing places.
Check out the list of projects below and get in touch with each researcher directly for specific details and dates.
- Plant surveys, soil seedbank sampling and measurement of ‘fire traits’ as part of a large-scale study in the Gariwerd landscape of western Victoria. Contact Ella Plumanns Pouton.
- Live-trapping and movement studies of small mammals and reptiles in mallee landscapes of western New South Wales and South Australia. Contact Julianna Santos.
- Camera trapping, spotlighting and assessment of mammalian habitats in tall forests of central Victoria. Contact Jeremy Johnson.
Keep an eye out for additional projects in mid-2021.
There are a range of options for students to start doing research with us at the University of Melbourne including: a Master of Science (Ecosystem Science) (a two-year course which includes coursework and a major research project), a Master of Philosophy (Science) (a two-year course working on a research project) and a Doctor of Philosophy (Science) (a four-year PhD program). A range of scholarships are available from the University.
Early Career Researchers
A range of grants are available for early career researchers at University of Melbourne including McKenzie Postdoctoral Fellowships. The School of Ecosystem and Forest Sciences is keen to support applications for Discovery Early Career Researcher Awards (DECRA).
Visitors are always welcome. We’re based in the Baldwin Spencer Building at Parkville, University of Melbourne. We run a weekly lab meeting on Monday afternoon that we encourage visitors to attend. For longer visits, we can point you to some schemes for visiting fellowships. Please contact Luke Kelly directly if you’re interested in visiting us.